By Sally Johnson
Zavodovski Island is located in the Antarctic Ocean and is also known as penguin island. The island was formed by a still active volcano known as “Mount Asphyxia”. In March of 2016 the volcano erupted causing large amounts of gases into the air as well as coating the ground in ash. These suffocating fumes released by the volcano give it the name “Mount Asphyxia”.
The island is home to a giant colony of chinstrap penguins and macaroni penguins. These penguins are able to live in such a cold place because of the volcanic activity on the Island. The ice and snow melts early because of the warm ground caused by heat underneath the Earth, allowing the penguins to breed more early than other species.
The penguins have a very difficult lifestyle. When a chick is born the father of the penguin must travel into the ocean and fish. This is a dangerous trip as the island has rocky cliff faces that are pummeled all day round by giant waves that can cause injury to the penguins and even death as they jump into the ocean. The penguins swim up to fifty miles away from the island to fish and in a day or two return to find their family. With thousands of penguins on the island the trek may seem impossible and finding their mate even more incredulous, but each penguin makes this trip every other day. When the father returns it is the mother’s turn to face this trip while he looks after the chick. A high price to pay for a safe island to themselves without any competition or predators but plenty of fish in the sea. A penguin paradise.
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